Added: Favian Caulkins - Date: 16.08.2021 14:29 - Views: 19435 - Clicks: 3394
There are three main regional culture areas: western, central, and eastern. Slovensko is the shortened local name for Slovakia, or the Slovak Republic. Slovaks share a common culture despite regional and even local differences in dialect, local customs, and religion. Hungarians Magyars in Slovakia are generally bilingual and have been acculturated but wish to maintain their national culture, especially their language. Location and Geography. Slovakia has a total area of 18, square miles 49, square kilometers. Its range of elevation runs from a low of feet 94 meters at Just Slovakia datings full of shit Bodrok River to a high of 8, feet 2, meters at Gerlachovsky peak in the High Tatras.
Slovakia's topography is extremely varied for such a small total area. Physiographic provinces range from the High Tatras in the north to the rich agricultural lands of the plains and the Danube Basin to the south. Bratislava, the capital, is a city ofpopulation on the Danube in southwestern Slovakia. It appears on older maps as Pressburg and was once the Hungarian capital. The July population estimate was 5,, approximately Hungarians are the largest cultural minority at Rom or Roma Gypsies for 1. Rom occasionally self-identify as Hungarian in census records. Other groups include Czechs, 1.
Rusyns are eastern Slavs who live in Slovakia, Ukraine, and Poland. Just Slovakia datings full of shit population growth rate is estimated to be 0. Linguistic Affiliation. Slovak, the national language, uses the Roman alphabet.
Along with Czech and Polish, it is classified as a western Slavic tongue in the Indo-European language family. Slovak is very closely related to Czech. Political circumstances beginning nearly a thousand years ago separated populations, but Slovak and Czech are still mutually intelligible. There are three main dialects of Slovak, corresponding to the western, central, and eastern regions. It is said that the pronunciation of particular sounds in the western region is hard, while the dialect of central Slovakia is said to be softer sounding and was adopted historically as the norm. In all but parts of eastern Slovakia, the stress is on the first syllable of a word; longer words three or more syllables have secondary accents.
There are Slovak words that appear to be formed entirely or mostly of consonants, such as the term for death: smrt'. This measure curtailed the use of minority languages in the public sphere and mostly affected the Hungarian minority. The language law has now been revised and is less restrictive. Many Slovaks Slovakia and most non-Slovaks know a second language. Slovakia's national flag consists of three equal horizontal bands of color, from top to bottom white, blue, and red. Superimposed over the bands on the left hoist side is a shield displaying the national emblem: a double apostolic cross in white sits atop the middle peak of three blue mountaintops, all on a red background.
The emblem predates the national flag by centuries elements of the emblem were used in the Great Moravian Empire and appears in many contexts both in Slovakia and abroad among people of Slovak descent. The national flag became official on 1 JanuaryIndependence Day. In the former Czechoslovakia, the Slovak anthem was played after the Czech anthem. Folk culture has had a broad impact on the symbols and metaphors of national culture. Emergence of the Nation.
Slovaks trace their origins to the Slavic peoples who migrated from the European-Asian frontier to the area between the Danube and the Carpathians in the fifth and sixth centuries C. As increasingly sophisticated agricultural peoples, those Slavs established permanent communities in the Morava, Ipel', Torysa, Vah, and Nitra river valleys. This region of early western Slavic occupation, especially east of the Morava River, correlates almost exactly with the historical and contemporary geographic distribution of Slovaks. The first Christian church in east-central Europe was established at Nitra, and in the ninth century, the Great Moravian Empire reached its greatest development, occupying all the land currently within Slovakia.
The empire's estimated one million inhabitants included all the western Slavs peoples who became the Czechs, Moravians, Slovaks, and Poles. After the invasion of nomadic Hungarian peoples in the tenth century, the peoples who became the Slovaks were isolated from other western Slavic groups as a result of the conquest of the Great Moravian Empire after the Battle of Bratislava in Halfway into that millennium, the Turks invaded this region. The emergence of Slovak national consciousness is fairly recent, dating to about the s, and has been punctuated by nationalistic movements, especially as the originally multiethnic Hungarian state attempted to transform itself into an ethnic Magyar state through programs of assimilation.
The formation of the Austro-Hungarian state in led to increased efforts to assimilate the Slovaks under Magyarization. Slovak secondary schools were closed.
Compulsory language training in Hungarian was forced on Slovak children, and Hungarian became the official language. As the state grew more alien to Slovaks, they responded with increased tenacity in retaining their language and customs and emphasizing their ethnic identity through literature, music, and folk traditions. Slovakia became an independent nation on 1 January National Identity. Slovak national culture and identity crystallized between about and World War I, in part as a reaction to centuries of attempted assimilation by other peoples, primarily Hungarians.
Slovaks who emigrated to the United States in the last quarter of the nineteenth and the first quarter of the twentieth centuries promoted elements of national identity abroad. Ethnic Relations. Slovaks have experienced adversarial relationships with four major ethnic groups as a consequence of wars, conquests, and political configurations: Hungarians, Czechs, Germans, and Russians.
Nomadic Hungarian peoples conquered the ancestors of the Slovaks in C. While closely related to Czechs culturally, Slovaks generally felt marginalized in the various permutations of the unified or federated Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia from to the end of This nonviolent ethnic conflict, sometimes called the "Slovak Question," ended in the recent "Velvet Divorce.
AfterRussian influence appeared with the re-creation of the Czechoslovak state and the establishment of the Warsaw Pact. Currently, the most ificant ethnic conflicts are with Hungarians and Rom. The large Hungarian minority concentrated in the lowlands of southern Slovakia has been more vocal and politically unified since This led Hungarian political parties to with the Slovak opposition to gain the majority in the fall parliamentary elections.
Hungarians have long protested the project, mostly on the grounds that it poses a flood threat to Budapest and other Hungarian communities. Rom have been physically attacked and even killed by ethnic Slovak skinhe in the past few years. While skinhead groups are relatively rare, racist attitudes toward the Rom persist among many Slovaks.
The Slovak settlement pattern includes hamlets or colonies, villages, towns, and cities. They are distinguished by population size with hamlets differing in both size and composition. Cities typically have populations over ten thousand, towns have between four thousand and about ten thousand people, villages have a few hundred to three thousand people, and hamlets or colonies have a few households with perhaps several dozen related people.
Hamlets are rapidly depopulating in some areas, and many have ceased to exist; empty houses in others are being purchased by city dwellers for use as vacation homes. Historically, ethnic Slovak dwellings consisted of one room where all activities took place: sleeping, food preparation and eating, and social and economic tasks.
Over time, an additional room was added primarily for sleeping and entertaining. Furniture for sitting long, narrow benches in older-style kitchens and sleeping is placed along the walls, while tables for entertaining or providing work surfaces are moved near the benches in kitchens or remain in the center of the second room—bedroom.
Family photographs and hand-painted ceramics adorn the walls of most rooms. Two-room houses of the older type can still be found in hamlets and villages. Occasionally rooms were added to accommodate newly married sons.
Since the s, most dwellings have indoor plumbing, although outdoor privies can still be found even in homes with running water and flush toilets. Structures for housing livestock frequently are attached to dwellings but are separated by walls and have their own entrances. Other outbuildings may include a rabbit hutch, a barn, and a separate structure where a hog is kept and fattened. Traditional Slovak homes had a fence with a gate leading into the yard as the only entrance visible from the street.
The house usually was situated lengthwise on the property, with the door opening onto the little courtyard, not the street there was little frontage. The street side usually featured a flower garden, and a vegetable garden was located in back of the courtyard. In towns and cities, dwellings became more diverse over time. Some cities now exhibit suburban sprawl with high-rise apartment building away from the old town centers. Some towns and cities have incorporated nearby villages, and so within the same urban center one can see modern hotels and restaurants in one sector and decades-old peasant cottages in another.
Vegetable gardens continue to be popular even in towns as a source of fresh produce. Non-Slovak influence in the architecture of towns and cities is widespread. Baroque and rococo buildings can be found in Bratislava.
There are castles and strongholds from before the Crusades.Just Slovakia datings full of shit
email: [email protected] - phone:(479) 381-6215 x 3063
Just slovakia datings full of shit